Italian Decrees Relevant Requirements
As the COVID-19 situation has developed there have been a series of decrees from the Italian State aiming to contain the virus. The decree issued on the 11th March required all municipalities nationwide to lock down, restricting citizens from crossing municipal borders unless for self-certified work, reasons of health or situations of need. It also closed most commercial activities, with exceptions only for the selling of food, medicines and other essential public services.
The latest, issued on the 22nd March, suspended all the production activities allowing only activities deemed vital for national production.
Supermarkets, pharmacies, postal and banking services will remain open and essential public services including transport will be ensured.
The intent behind the decrees is to minimize the risk of the virus spreading by limiting personal interactions during the decrees’ duration, currently scheduled to last through to 3rd April 2020.
A non-exhaustive summary of the relevant requirements are presented below:
- When off-duty it is strongly recommended to stay at home. Personnel and their family members must avoid leaving their residence or travelling except for demonstrated work requirements, health reasons, or to purchase essential items.
- The intent behind the decrees is to minimize the risk of the virus spreading by limiting personal interactions during the decrees’ duration, currently scheduled to last through to 3rd April 2020.
- Commercial activities are generally suspended, except as listed in Annexes 1 and 2 to the decree. Activities that remain open include supermarkets, other stores that sell food, tobacconists, gas stations and other fuel providers, all stores that sell hygiene products such as pharmacies and para-pharmacies, pet supply shops, and laundries, as long as the store can apply the measures required to avoid crowding.
- When purchasing essential items it is advised that only one member of the family undertake this requirement at the closest store and take all necessary precautions to avoid crowded places.
- Bars, pubs, restaurants, ice-cream parlors, and pastry shops are closed, except for contracted messes, cafeterias and canteens, and bars and restaurants operating in gas stations on the national roads and highway network, as long as they can apply the measures required to avoid crowding.
- Personal care services, such hairdressers, barbers and beauticians, are closed.
- Gatherings are generally forbidden, including parties or minor events at home.
- Places of worship may be open for short visits and it is not forbidden to visit them provided that large gatherings are avoided and distance among visitors is respected.
- Gathering and travelling for leisure, cultural or social purposes are not permitted.
- Generally all travelling and gathering arrangements must comply with the requirement for sufficient distance between individuals.
- Personnel and family members entering Italian territory via air, land, and sea must immediately report, even if they have no symptoms, to their family doctor by phone. They shall submit themselves to voluntary isolation and be subject to health monitoring for a period of 14 days. NRDC-ITA staff will report on their chain of command, to SNR and inform NRDC-ITA HQ Medical Branch providing a phone number. In case they start to have symptoms, they are obliged to immediately report this following the procedures.
- Gatherings of more than 2 people in public areas are now prohibited and the safety distance from other people must be guaranteed. Potential fines of up to of € 5,000.00 (in compliance with the Ordinance of the Governor of Lombardy n. 514 of 21st March 2020 valid until 15th April 2020).
- Public access to parks, villas, play areas and public gardens is prohibited. It is not allowed to carry out recreational or outdoor activities; sports and physical activities carried out outdoors are also prohibited, even individually, if not in the vicinity of one’s home. In the case of going out with the pet, the person is obliged to remain in the immediate vicinity of the residence or domicile and in any case at a distance not exceeding 200 meters (in compliance with the Ordinance of the Governor of Lombardy n. 514 of 21st March 2020 valid until 15th April 2020).
- All NRDC-ITA personnel are required to comply with the requirement for self-certification in their personal and official movements. If Italian law enforcement personnel request a Personal statement of self-certification, use the documents presented below to assist in complying with their request. All NRDC-ITA personnel and family members shall have a hard copy and personal identification document (with picture) in their possession when travelling, including when traveling by foot. Remember that these documents do not authorize travel. Travel must still be in accordance with the requirements to limit trips to only those that are necessary. The documents are a statement of a person’s reason for travel and the forms may be evaluated by the Italian authorities to determine if the travel complied with the travel restrictions. NRDC-ITA personnel and family members are advised to comply with all directions of Italian law enforcement authorities, including if advised to stop traveling and to return home.